Uncle Scrooge (stylized as Uncle $crooge) is a comic book starring the stingy Scrooge McDuck ("the richest duck in the world"), his nephew Donald Duck, and grandnephews Huey, Dewey, and Louie, and revolving around their adventures in Duckburg and around the world. It was first published in Four Color Comics #386 March 1952, and the series is presently ongoing. It has been produced under the aegis of several different publishers, including Western Publishing (initially in association with Dell Comics and later under its own subsidiary, Gold Key Comics and its Whitman imprint), Gladstone Publishing, Disney Comics, Gemstone Publishing, Boom! Studios, and IDW Publishing, and has undergone several hiatuses of varying length. Despite this, it has maintained the same numbering scheme throughout its six decade history, with only IDW adding a secondary numbering that started at #1.
Besides Scrooge and his family, recurring characters include Gyro Gearloose, Gladstone Gander, Emily Quackfaster, and Brigitta MacBridge. Among the adversaries who make repeat appearances are the Beagle Boys, Magica De Spell, John D. Rockerduck and Flintheart Glomgold. Uncle Scrooge is one of the core titles of the "Duck universe."
Its early issues by famed writer/artist (and creator of Scrooge McDuck) Carl Barks formed the inspiration for the syndicated television cartoon DuckTales in the late 1980s. Several stories written by Barks and published in Uncle Scrooge were adapted as episodes of DuckTales.
Writers and artists
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The first 70 issues mostly consisted of stories written and drawn by Carl Barks. The 71st issue had a story written by Barks and drawn by Tony Strobl. Subsequent Gold Key Comics issues combined reprints of earlier Barks tales with new material by creators such as Strobl, Vic Lockman, Phil DeLara, Jack Manning, and Pete Alvarado.
When Gladstone Publishing relaunched the title in 1986, a new generation of American creators began contributing to the title, including Don Rosa, William Van Horn, John Lustig, Pat McGreal, Dave Rawson, and Michael T. Gilbert. As before, their work was intermingled with Carl Barks reprints, as well as with translations of European Disney comics by such creators as Daan Jippes, Fred Milton and Romano Scarpa originally published by Oberon, Egmont (originally Gutenberghus) and Disney Italy/Mondadori.
U.S. publication history
- Dell Comics: 1952-1962 (Four Color Comics issues 386, 456 and 495; issues 4-39)
- Gold Key Comics: 1962-1984 (issues 40-173 as Gold Key, 174-209 as Whitman)
- Gladstone Publishing: 1986-1990 (issues 210-242)
- Disney Comics: 1990-1993 (issues 243-280)
- Gladstone Publishing: 1993-1998 (issues 281-318)
- Gemstone Publishing: 2003-2008 (issues 319-383)
- Boom Kids! (Boom! Studios): 2009-2011 (issues 384-404)
- IDW Publishing: 2015- (issue 405 on, with additional IDW-specific issue numbers starting from 1)
Scrooge made his first appearance in the Donald Duck story "Christmas on Bear Mountain" as a curmudgeonly man who decides to test Donald and his nephews to see if they are worthy of inheriting his wealth. Barks found the character and his wealth a useful springboard for stories and re-used him in a number of subsequent Donald Duck one-shot adventures and ten pagers appearing in Walt Disney's Comics and Stories. By 1952 the popularity of the character convinced Dell to give Scrooge a try-out as a lead character in the seminal "Only a Poor Old Man" in Dell's Four Color anthology series, a story Barks expert Michael Barrier has termed a masterpiece. After two further Four Color appearances Scrooge was granted his own title starting with issue number 4 (counting the try-out issues as one through three).
The series continued uninterrupted (though not always on a monthly schedule) until 1984, when Western Publishing (the parent company of Gold Key/Whitman, who were publishing the title at the time) withdrew from the comic book business. Western had held the Disney comic book license since the late 1930s, and their withdrawal left the license, and Uncle Scrooge, in limbo for two years, when Another Rainbow, who had been publishing hardbound compilations of Carl Barks's work for several years, acquired it and launched Gladstone Publishing, resuming the title where Whitman had left off.
Gladstone continued publishing Uncle Scrooge until their license expired in 1990. At that point, the series shifted over to Disney Comics with little change in editorial direction. It was one of only three monthly titles to survive the "Disney implosion" of 1991 (the others being Walt Disney's Comics and Stories and Donald Duck Adventures), and continued to be published by Disney Comics until 1993, when Disney Comics folded and the license was reacquired by Gladstone Publishing. Gladstone went through their own implosion in 1998, and Uncle Scrooge was briefly converted into a double-sized (64 page), "prestige" format series, before Gladstone ended publication entirely later that year.
No further issues were published until 2003, when Gemstone Publishing (whose editorial staff included several former employees of Gladstone) acquired the license and resumed publication of Uncle Scrooge. Gemstone maintained the prestige format previously adopted by Gladstone, and continued to publish the series until November 2008. Financial difficulties at Gemstone ended its run then, and the license was acquired by Boom! Studios, who reverted to the standard 32 page format when they began publication in late 2009. Boom's run ended in 2011, when the Walt Disney Company's acquisition of Marvel Entertainment lead to the consolidation of all Disney comics licenses under Marvel Comics.
In January 2015, IDW Publishing announced that they would be publishing the title, starting in April 2015.
Other titles and spinoffs
Over the years, Scrooge McDuck has proven popular enough to appear as the main character in a number of other comic book series. Many of these series include republications of stories originally written for the "main" Uncle Scrooge title in the United States or various European countries.
Scrooge often appeared in The Beagle Boys alongside his frequent adversaries, published irregularly by Gold Key from 1963 to 1979. When that title ended, it was relaunched as The Beagle Boys Versus Uncle Scrooge in March 1979 and lasted for twelve issues, until February 1980.
In 1987, Gladstone Publishing began publication of Uncle Scrooge Adventures, which they would continue to publish until 1998, excluding the period from 1990 through 1993, when Disney Comics held the license to publish Disney comics.
Scrooge was also a major character in three different comic book titles tied in with the DuckTales television series. The first of these consisted of 13 issues and was published by Gladstone Publishing from 1987 to 1990. The second consisted of 18 issues published by Disney Comics from 1990 through 1991. The final (to date) was published over six issues by Boom Kids! in 2011. Several DuckTales comics starring Scrooge would also appear in the pages of Disney Adventures in the early 1990s.
Finally, The Adventurous Uncle Scrooge McDuck, published by Gladstone, ran for two issues in 1998. A third issue was planned but cancelled along with the rest of Gladstone's output other than Uncle Scrooge and Walt Disney's Comics and Stories following a collapse in comics sales.
- DuckTales, 1980s cartoon television series based on the comic book
- Disney comics in the USA (general overview)
- Other notable Disney comic titles in the USA:
- Mickey Mouse and Friends (1933-1940, 1941-1953 on a one-shot basis; 1952-1984, 1986-1990, 2003â"2007, 2009-2011; titled Mickey Mouse Magazine 1933-1940, Mickey Mouse 1941-1990, 2011)
- Walt Disney's Comics and Stories (since 1940)
- Donald Duck (1940-1952 on a one-shot basis; 1952-1984, 1986-1990, 1992-1997, 2003-2007, 2009-2011; Donald Duck and Friends from 2003-2010)
- Huey, Dewey and Louie Junior Woodchucks (1966â"1984, 1991)
- Uncle Scrooge Adventures (1987â"1990, 1993â"1997)
- Donald Duck Adventures (1988â"1997, 2003-2006)
- ^ a b c Stephen Gerding (21 January 2015). "IDW KICKS OFF NEW MONTHLY DISNEY LINE IN APRIL WITH "UNCLE SCROOGE" #1". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 23 January 2015.Â
- ^ "The Beagle Boys". DCW: Disney Comics Worldwide. Retrieved 17 February 2013.Â
- ^ "USA: The Beagle Boys Versus Uncle Scrooge". I.N.D.U.C.K.S. Retrieved 17 February 2013.Â
- ^ "USA: Ducktales". I.N.D.U.C.K.S. Retrieved 17 February 2013.Â
- ^ "USA: Ducktales (Disney Comics)". I.N.D.U.C.K.S. Retrieved 17 February 2013.Â
- ^ "USA: DuckTales (Boom)". I.N.D.U.C.K.S. Retrieved 17 February 2013.Â
- ^ "USA: Disney Adventures". I.N.D.U.C.K.S. Retrieved 17 February 2013.Â
- ^ "The Adventurous Uncle Scrooge McDuck". DCW: Disney Comics Worldwide. Retrieved 17 February 2013.Â
- Uncle Scrooge at the INDUCKS
- Uncle Scrooge on Disney Comics Worldwide (DCW)
- Cover of all issues of Uncle Scrooge on outducks.org (click issue numbers)
- Uncle Scrooge sales figures, 1960-present on Comichron